Prakrta Rasa Sata Dusani Part 2

Jul 4 2011 - Krishna Talk 126



Part Two

Verses 18-28



(18)
ajata-ratike kabhu bhava-labdha bale na
raganuga sadhakere jata-bhava bale na

It should not be said that bhava has been achieved when rati has still not yet developed. A raganuga-bhakta never says that sadhakas (neophytes) have achieved the manifestation of bhava.

 (19)
raganuga sadhakere labdha-rasa bale na
raganuga sadhya-bhava rati chada haya na

A raganuga will never say that neophytes have achieved the stage of rasa. Sadhya-bhava (divine emotions that are the goal of raganuga-bhakti) is never attained without first experiencing rati.

(20)
bhavankura-samagame vaidhi-bhakti thake na
rucike ratira saha kabhu eka jane na

Once the seed of bhava appears, vaidhi-bhakti is no longer present. One must never consider ruci and rati to be the same thing.

(21)
raganuga balile-i prapta-rasa jane na
vidhi-sodhya jane kabhu raganuga bale na

Rasa can never be achieved simply by talking about raganuga-bhakti. One who is still in need of being purified by following the scriptural injunctions (vaidhi-bhakti) can never be said to be a raganuga devotee.

(22)
sadhanera purve keha bhavankura paya na
jade sraddha na chadile rati kabhu haya na

One can never experience bhava before performing sadhana-bhakti. One who cannot reject faith in materialism can never attain rati.

(23)
jata-bhava na haile rasika ta’ haya na
jada-bhava na chadile rasika ta’ haya na

If bhava has not yet appeared, one can never become a rasika. One can never become a rasika if mundane emotions are not abandoned.

ANUVRTTI

Again and again in Prakrta-rasa Sata-dusani the systematic development of the stages of bhakti are being stressed and stern warning is given that there is no alternative or short cut to this process. One must begin the process of pure devotional service and follow it step by step. The ontological development of pure devotional service is outlined in the following sloka of Sri Rupa Gosvami.

adau sraddha tatah sadhu-sango ‘tha bhajana-kriya
tato ‘nartha-nivrttih syat tato nistha rucis tatha
athasaktis tato bhavas tatha premabhyudancati
sadhakanam ayam premnah pradurbhave bhavet kramah

“In the beginning there must be faith (adau sraddha). Then one becomes interested in associating with pure devotees (sadhu-sanga). Thereafter one is initiated by the spiritual master and follows the regulative principles of devotional service under his orders (bhajana-kriya). Thus one is freed from all unwanted habits (anartha-nivrtti) and becomes firmly fixed in devotional service (nistha). Thereafter, one develops taste (ruci) and attachment (asakti). This is the way of sadhana-bhakti, the performance of devotional service according to the regulative principles. Gradually emotions intensify (bhava), and finally there is an awakening of love (prema). This is the gradual development of love of God for the devotee interested in Krsna consciousness.” (Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu 1.4.15-16)

In the stage of vaidhi-bhakti one performs devotional service according to rules and regulations. When the heart is free from anarthas, the devotee becomes fixed in devotional service and begins to develop a taste for the Holy Name of Krsna, for the service of Krsna and to all things related to Krsna. The devotee’s taste develops into attachment to Krsna and when that attachment matures it is sometimes called rati. Then follows bhava and prema.

When the need to be purified by following scriptural injunctions (vaidhi-bhakti) still remains, a devotee cannot be said to be a raganuga. Raganuga-bhakti necessitates that one has come to the stage of ruci. In other words, one must first dispense with all anarthas in the heart before becoming qualified to perform raganuga-bhakti.

The following is a quote from Thakura Bhaktivinoda:

“When a devotee following the path of vaidhi-bhakti abandons his various material desires and executes bhajana according to the instructions of the scriptures, the spiritual master and the Vaisnavas, then taste (ruci), manifests in his bhajana. When ruci thus appears, he abandons the path of vaidhi-bhakti and enters the plane of raganuga-bhakti.” (Piyusa-varsini-vrtti commentary on Upadesamrta)

Those who do not wish to progress in Krsna consciousness step by step, but instead prefer to jump ahead to rasa, are sometimes called ‘gatecrashers.’ It is also to be understood that simply by talking about rasa does not mean that one has attained the stage of raganuga-bhakti. Talk is cheap, whereas the actual qualifications for rasa are very rare. It is also seen that the pseudo-guru claims himself to be a ‘rasika,’ when in fact he still manifests the symptoms of kama, krodha, and lobha – lust for wealth, anger toward anyone who does not blindly accept him as guru, and greed to initiate anyone who crosses his path – even though such persons may have already been duly initiated by a bona-fide spiritual master. Such deluded persons think that they have attained raganuga-bhakti simply by hearing the lilas of Krsna, but such persons should remember that krsna-lila is also sometimes available in comic books in India.

It should not go without mention that many of the pseudo-gurus, past and present, claiming to be on the platform of a rasika, display the classic symptoms of narcissism. Narcissism is a material condition (a psychological illness) wherein one suffers from: 1) a grandiose sense of self-importance, 2) a preoccupation with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, and ideal love, 3) a belief that he is special and unique and can only be understood by, or should associate with, other special or high-status people, 4) a requirement for excessive admiration and worship, 5) a sense of entitlement – unreasonable expectations of especially favorable treatment or automatic compliance with his expectations, 6) a despotic mentality, repressing and exploiting others, 7) a lack of empathy, unwilling to recognize or identify with the feelings or needs of others, 8) envy of others, also believing that others are envious of him, 9) an arrogant or haughty attitude. Such persons are never truly rasika.

(24)
mula-dhana rasa-labha rati-vina haya na
gache na uthite kandi vrksa-mule paya na

It is not possible to attain the original treasure of rasa without first attaining rati. When one does not climb the tree, one cannot collect the fruits.

ANUVRTTI

In Kalyana-kalpataru, Thakura Bhaktivinoda says, “dusta-phale karile arjana” – if one wants fruits without taking the trouble to climb the tree, what sort of fruits can he expect?  The fruits will be ruined or rotten. Without proper progression, it is all imagination – a madman’s feat!

In this light Srila B.R. Sridhara Maharaja has quoted the following verse stating that it is the death-blow to the gatecrashers and sentiment mongers.

upajiya bade lata ‘brahmanda’ bhedi yaya
‘viraja’ ‘brahmaloka’ bhedi ‘paravyoma’ paya
tabe yaya tad upari ‘goloka-vrndavana’
krsna-carana-kalpa-vrkse arohana

“The creeper of devotion is born, and grows to pierce the wall of the universe. It crosses the Viraja River and the Brahman plane, and reaches to the Vaikuntha plane. Then it grows further up to Goloka Vrndavana, finally reaching to embrace the wish yielding tree of Krsna’s lotus feet”. (Cc. Madhya 19-153-4)

The implication of this verse is that real bhakti takes its birth in the plane of vaidhi-bhakti and only after crossing all lower stages of consciousness does it go beyond material conception and enter the consciousness of Vaikuntha. But even there the creeper of devotion does not yet yield fruit. The fruit of pure devotion is only yielded after having attained the platform of spontaneous love, raga-marga, in Goloka Vrndavana.

Srila Sridhara Maharaja used to say that the neophyte’s engagement in krsna-lila is simply a dreamy thing. The real raganuga-bhaktas are aloof from such dreamy states because they are fully awake in the service or Hari, guru and Vaisnava.


(25)
sadhane anartha ache, rasodaya haya na
bhava-kale nama-gane chala-rasa haya na

Rasa will not dawn in one if anarthas remain in the stage of sadhana. A deceptive mentality cannot be present when the Holy Name is chanted at the stage of bhava.


(26)
siddhanta-vihina haile krsne citta lage na
sambandha-hinera kabhu abhidheya haya na

The consciousness cannot be truly fixed upon Krsna if one is bereft of the proper philosophical conception. When there is no knowledge of ones relationship with the Lord (sambandha), there can be no abhidheya (performance of devotional activities).


(27)
sambandha-vihina-jana prayojana paya na
ku-siddhante vyasta-jana krsna-seva kare na

That person who is devoid of sambandha-jnana can never attain the ultimate goal of life (prayojana). One who is bewildered by philosophical misconceptions is not performing devotional service to Krsna.

(28)
siddhanta-alasa-jana anarthata’chade na
jade krsna bhrama kari’ krsna-seva kare na

That person who is idle in understanding philosophical conclusions never becomes free from anarthas. One who considers Krsna as belonging to the mundane platform can never render service to Him.


ANUVRTTI

Proper understanding of pure devotional service can be divided into three categories, sambandha (fundamental knowledge of one’s relationship with Krsna), abhidheya (knowledge of the proper performance of devotional activities), and prayojana (knowledge of the ultimate goal of life).

Without proper knowledge of one’s relationship with Krsna (sambandha) it is not possible to serve Krsna (abhidheya) and without serving Krsna one cannot attain the ultimate goal of life (prayojana). Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu personally taught the principles of sambandha to Sri Sanatana Gosvami and the principles of abhidheya to Sri Rupa Gosvami. To understand prayojana one should closely examine the Priti-sandarbha of Jiva Gosvami and the writings of Sri Raghunatha Dasa Gosvami. Without proper philosophical understanding and following in the footsteps of the Six Gosvamis of Vrndavana, it is not possible to get prema-prayojana (the perfection of love of Krsna) simply by shedding tears and putting on theatrical performances for the public.

Those who are lazy to understand proper siddhanta (philosophical conclusions) or who maintain improper philosophical understandings (apa-siddhanta) can never be free from anarthas and thus can never progress properly in Krsna consciousness. Such persons often think that simply by serving the institution of the guru, they are serving Krsna and thus will automatically go back to home, back to Godhead. They judge the success of their endeavors simply by measuring size, material opulence, temples, Deities, devotees, and members, with no concern for proper philosophical understanding. But from the above verses it is clear that Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura does not agree with such thinking. Without proper philosophical understanding, one cannot get free from material contamination, nor can one properly perform devotional service. Krsna Dasa Kaviraja Gosvami states that one should not avoid philosophical controversy out of laziness.

siddhanta baliya citte na kara alasa
iha haite krsne lage sudrdha manasa

“A sincere student should not neglect the discussion of such conclusions, considering them controversial, for such discussions strengthen the mind. Thus one’s mind becomes attached to Sri Krsna.” (Cc. Adi. 2.17)

Our spiritual master A.C. Bhaktivedanta Svami Prabhupada was adamant that his disciples should have a proper philosophical understanding and thus he wrote many books in English for that purpose. Unfortunately many of his disciples do not take advantage of their spiritual master’s books, do not study them deeply, and thus they advance the lame purposes of society consciousness, rather than the transcendental purposes of Krsna consciousness.

The most prominent philosophical misunderstanding among such institutionalized devotees is probably their misconstrued idea that they are the only bona-fide representatives of Krsna on Earth and that only through their institution can a jiva be liberated from material bondage. Such institutionalized devotees are also of the opinion that the living entities found in this material world (baddha-jivas) originally fell down from their position in the spiritual world, from being eternally liberated (nitya-mukta-jivas). These, and other similar misconceptions, are due to a range of anarthas and principally arise from a lack of philosophical understanding of Gaudiya Vaisnava siddhanta.